# Asteroids In Sight

## Description

Find the asteroid (denoted by `#`

) that has the maximum number of other asteroids in its “line of sight”. Below, the highlighted asteroid is the answer with *eight* in sight. The top left one is blocked, but all others are in its sight. Notice the top right asteroid is in sight. Hint: Find the slope or angle.

The following denotes how many asteroids are visible at each location.

```
.7..7
.....
67775
....7
...87
```

## Solution

For the solution we need to find the slope given by `slope = y_diff/x_diff = (y2-y1)/(x2-x1)`

. Unfortunately because the slope does not tell us which direction the asteroid is coming from, need to look at the sign of *y_diff* and *x_diff* to tell us which quadrant it’s pointing from.

```
def print_grid(selection=(-1,-1)):
'''For debugging'''
for y, line in enumerate(GRID):
for x, char in enumerate(line):
point = (y,x)
if selection == point:
print('@', end='')
else:
print(char, end='')
print()
def get_char(point):
y, x = point
return GRID[y][x]
def get_asteroids():
asteroids = []
for y in range(y_max):
for x in range(x_max):
point = (y,x)
if get_char(point) == '#':
asteroids.append(point)
return asteroids
def calculate_slope(y_diff, x_diff):
if x_diff >= 0:
if y_diff >= 0:
quadrant = 1
else:
quadrant = 0
else: # negative x
if y_diff < 0:
quadrant = 3
else: # positive y
quadrant = 2
try:
return y_diff / x_diff, quadrant
except ZeroDivisionError:
return -float('inf'), quadrant
def get_slope_and_direction(station, asteroid):
y1, x1 = station
y2, x2 = asteroid
y_diff = y2 - y1
x_diff = x2 - x1
return calculate_slope(y_diff, x_diff)
with open('input.txt') as fh:
text = fh.read().strip()
GRID = text.splitlines()
y_max = len(GRID)
x_max = len(GRID[0])
asteroids = set(get_asteroids())
asteroids_per_station = []
for station in asteroids:
station_slopes = set()
for asteroid in asteroids:
if station == asteroid:
continue
slope_and_direction = get_slope_and_direction(station, asteroid)
station_slopes.add(slope_and_direction)
#print(station_slopes)
asteroids_per_station.append((len(station_slopes), station))
print(max(asteroids_per_station))
```

### Solution using Angle

From the formula `tan(theta) = slope = y_diff/x_diff`

we can get `theta = atan(y_diff/x_diff)`

. However there is the `atan2()`

in python which avoids the divide by zero argument and keeps track of the sign for you `theta = atan2(y_diff, x_diff)`

```
def calculate_slope(y_diff, x_diff):
from math import atan2
return atan2(y_diff, x_diff)
```

### Time and Space Complexity

`O(n^2)`

where `n`

is the number of asteroids, since for each asteroid we are looking at all the other asteroids. For space it’s `O(n)`

since we are only keeping how many can we see for each asteroid.